These planes are mainly used for flights that are 40 to 80 minutes in duration. Of course, these mid-size commercial jets are desirable among airliners because they sustain greater profitability in seasonal routes and on smaller flights. Let’s start with types of passenger airplanes, and then we will move on to types of small airplanes. But the Boeing 737 recently expanded its range by 900 nautical miles to reach 3,000 for transcontinental flights. Larger jets have three sections and two aisles. This is a handy guide to help you learn about the virtues of each type of airplane. Support helicopter. Airplanes age better when used because the aluminum, otherwise, deteriorates. These vessels have fixed wings and propellers. The passenger capacity is maximum 12. Over 27 percent of the flights are still by propeller-driven airplanes. Powered Parachutes – land or sea 5. aircraft: types of aircraft. Chinook. radio_button_checked3D Model. From learning to fly to flying your business, you’ll find your aircraft solution. Why go through all the hassles of boarding a jet when you can take a small private propeller plane to even the remotest destination. The smaller size of light passenger jets makes them the ideal choice for economy airlines. There are also several other types of aircraft in the Canadian skies including balloons and airships – often grouped into “lighter-than-air aircraft”. 2. The profitability of such a massive jet is limited unless you are flying from a large central hub to a large central hub. Business jets may be adapted for other roles, such as the evacuation of casualties or express parcel deliveries, and some are used by public bodies, government officials or the armed forces. This opens up the doors to flying a greater variety of short flights to meet the market demands. In many regions of Alaska, there is no other method of transportation unless you have a dog sled. Scheduled 1.2. Some models also boast of low operating costs that are on par with turboprop planes. Training to fly these types of small planes helps one understand the various safety precautions needed to operate the aircraft safely. This is where things get confusing. In addition, once the planes reach cruising altitude, there are not many factors which can negatively influence planes that fly over the weather. Gulfstream aircraft are the first choice for vital missions including head-of-state transport, airborne early warning, ground surveillance, maritime patrol and aeromedical evacuation. As such, they do not offer a separate lavatory compartment but only an emergency style toilet with a privacy curtain. You will find that the luxuries and amenities grow with each class. While the typical VLJ and light jet carry a maximum of six passengers, a mid-size business jet offers comfortable seating for up to 10 passengers. But Boeing also manufacturers jets specifically for cargo, such as the Boeing Dreamlifter. Mid-size passenger jets, such as the Airbus 350-1000, have a narrower body. Tourism to remote areas may also require the use of an amphibious aircraft. This one's pretty simple. Our fast jet combat aircraft enable control of the air and conduct precision air strikes. BAe146. Aircrafts are classified into many types to cater to a specific use. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Imagine, flying in the aircraft that a WW2 ace learned-in – it’s all possible. compared to just half that for very light jets. They are most time efficient way of travel and are suitable for medium or long distances flights. Lighter-than-air; Heavier-than-air; Civil aircraft; Aircraft configurations. Aircraft manufacturers . Early technology; Current trends in aircraft design and construction. Civilian aircraft These types of aircraft are used for the purpose of transportation 2. International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO)classifies civil aviation activities as: 1. • Rotary wing aircraft are classified into two types as gyroplanes and helicopter. And most missions require low altitude combat fighters. They are often flown in flight formations that are led by a single jet in the same manner that birds migrate in V-shaped formations. List of all Cessna airplanes and aircraft types, with images, specs, and other information. This page and all its data (except for the referenced facts, articles) has been licensed under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license and the GFDL license 1.3CC BY-SA 3.0 license and the GFDL license 1.3 A plane from Los Angeles to Las Vegas, for example, would be an easy way of generating revenue off the investment without facing the strict regulations imposed by flights over seas. The primary distinction is between those that are lighter than air and those that are heavier than air. Aircraft are produced in several different types optimized for various uses; military aircraft, which includes not just combat types but many types of supporting aircraft, and civil aircraft, which include all non-military types, experimental and model. In these wings are lifted generating components of the aircraft. Please peruse the information and start enjoying the flight like never before. They are also loaded with all the technology that you could ever need to conduct business meetings remotely while in flight. Most twin turboprop planes can also be flown with just a single pilot. It's read right off your airspeed indicator and is usually what you'll reference in the cockpit for speed changes. This is only defeated by the 78,000 cubic feet of the Airbus Beluga XL. Airbus, Boeing airliners, regional planes. A single-engine propeller plane is suitable for distances of 100 to 500 miles. 6. Aerostats and aerodynes are two types of aircraft classified on the basis of the method of lift. Airplane – Single-engine land or sea or multi-engine land or sea 2. Choose a category: Or search by name: A109SP. The downside of a propeller is that it loses its efficiency at higher speeds. Aerial work (agriculture, construction, surveying, photography, advertisement, SaR, etc.) This is why they are not used in supersonic aircraft; although they can still perform well at speeds of 0.6 Mach. Charter 1.2.2. Find out about the RAF's active aircraft and where and how we use them. General Aviation (GA) 2.1. Help support true facts by becoming a member. Cessna’s line of Citation jets, Caravan turboprops and classic pistons dominate the sky. Military aircraft These types of aircraft are used by the armed forces of different countries. To go any further than that, you will probably need a turboprop engine that is rated for travel of 1,200 miles or more. The Dreamlifter hauls up to 65,000 cubic feet of cargo. Cargo planes have a larger scope than any of the other types because they are a conversion of the subtypes. These planes are fuel-efficient and designed to travel even longer distances faster. The large cabin space is what makes these planes so attractive. Turboprop engines are more fuel-efficient than jet engines, however. These jets are often converted from larger commercial airline jets into luxury liners. Many former air force pilots find themselves missing the thrill of high-speed maneuvers in fighter jets. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, Principles of aircraft flight and operation, Current trends in aircraft design and construction. All turbojets, regardless of weight, require a “type” rating. The lower price tag also makes them attractive from an investment standpoint. The other key advantage of the twin turboprop is its ability to land in grassy fields or other makeshift runways. Because the turboprops provide better fuel economy and are cheaper to manufacture and deploy into regions where light-duty fighters are needed, they are still preferred over jets in some applications. We have done all the homework for you by carefully assembling an outline of each type for your convenience. Business jet or private jet is ajet aircraft designed for transporting small groups of people. These jets are the lightest business jets on the market for air taxi services. Other flying Note that business aviationcan be either com… A passenger turboprop can also operate and take off from shorter runways. This makes them on par with the larger commercial jets but ideal for private trips. They accommodate anywhere from 10 to 18 passengers and are able to fly at high altitudes above the weather for maximum comfort and reliability. HEAVIER-THAN-AIR AIRCRAFT Flying boat - This is an aircraft which has a hull as its main body. Air mobility Our mobility aircraft provide capability including air logistics support, airborne operations, special operations, VIP transport, air-to-air refuelling, search and survivor assistance, aeromedical evacuation, and training. Reciprocating engines; Jet engines; Engine placement; Materials and construction. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. They are mainly designed for sporting purposes. Other 2. This page outlines the aircraft certification processes, lists important aircraft safety information, and provides guidance on general aviation aircraft. aerodyne any heavier-than-air machine, such as an aircraft, that derives the greater part of its lift from aerodynamic forces aerostat a lighter-than-air craft, such as a balloon airliner a large passenger aircraft airship a lighter-than-air self-propelled craft. Muchos ejemplos de oraciones traducidas contienen “types of aircraft” – Diccionario español-inglés y buscador de traducciones en español. Boeing 747 jumbo jet Singapore airlines cargo, Who Pilots Air Force One & How To Become a Presidential Pilot, it would not be legal for you to own a fully armed F 18 hornet, military is still developing and using turboprop planes for cargo transport, 9 Oldest Commercial Passenger Planes in Service. Airplane deals with four forces, the upward force call lift, the downward force called weight and forward force thrust, and the backward drag. The smaller size of light passenger jets makes them the ideal choice for economy airlines. They also feature cabin pressurization that you won’t find in many smaller aircraft. When you consider the flexibility of configuring the Airbus 380 or even a Boeing 787 for different routes, it makes sense to hedge against market trends by choosing a model that is more flexible. The machine that made the first successful flight in a heavier-than-air powered aircraft may be the most important airplane of all time. As stated, the propeller-driven airplanes will reach remote areas with smaller airstrips. When you make the comparisons and consider the strengths and limitations of each type, it is easier to decide which airplane you might like to fly or fly in on a temporary or permanent basis. Aircraft types and structure 1. Although the operating cost of a turboprop is more on par with a jet, they often have a larger hauling capacity than many light jets. Accustoming oneself to the g-forces and disorientation that occurs under intense acrobatic performances is something that is much easier if they went through years of flight school and spent significant time in military fighter jets. Certification of aircraft by the FAA ensures that commercial and general aviation aircraft meet the highest safety standards, from initial design to retirement. Commercial aircraft of the world. While it may be impossible for them to ever get their hands on a fighter jet again, an aerobatic plane is a suitable substitute. Aircraft such as balloons, nonrigid airships (blimps), and dirigibles are designed to contain within their structure a sufficient volume that, when filled with a gas lighter than air (heated air, hydrogen, or helium), displaces the surrounding ambient air and floats, just as a cork does on the water. Amphibious aircraft are specially designed to take off and land in freshwater lakes and seas. The speed limits of the sky, like not exceeding 250 knots below 10,000 feet MSL, are all written as indicated airspeed values. These active and retired Cessna planes are listed in alphabetical order, but if you're looking for a particular aircraft you can look for it using the "search" bar. There are 5 main types of aircraft jet engines. An airplane is a popular example of this type of vessel but there are many others. They are deployed from air force bases and navy carriers. Nevertheless, the Embraer Super Tucano still carries an amazing 3,300 pounds of weaponry. It is amazing to see them land on the tiny airstrip of the carrier by hooking a cable. HEAVIER-THAN-AIR AIRCRAFT • Gyroplane - This is a power driven aerodyne which derives lift mainly from a 1. Aerostats are the type of aircraft which are lighter than air. They are the ideal solution for reaching more remote destinations that airlines avoid. Weight-Shift-Control- land or sea Although they can still carry over 350 passengers, these planes can’t match the 600-passenger capacity of a Boeing 747 in a single class configuration. This makes them busier than the larger flights because they can fill a lot of voids in the chain of distribution. The first design, the Cessna Citation Mustang, wasn’t produced until November of 2006. These aircraft offer some of the most exciting trips ever. Airships, Balloons, gliders, auto-gyros and other. Airbus is Boeing‘s only major rival in Jumbo Jet sales. Transport. While they all hover around 500 miles per hour at cruising speed and offer the ability to land on smaller runways, a mid-size jet has larger parties in mind for longer transcontinental trips. It is always better to use a plane for dedicated purposes by landing on either land or water. The larger prop planes, such as the Bombardier Q400, can carry up to 80 passengers. Aircraft with turbine engines use a type of fuel different from that of reciprocating aircraft engines. Furthermore, turboprop engines provide stronger forward thrust than jets do. Commercial aircraft reviews. Satellite phone, Wi-Fi, and XM radio communications are all onboard. Some planes can even be fitted with keels that are reinforced to handle a landing on terrain covered by snow or ice. Although each model has its own specific capabilities and features, this guide can help you better understand the different categories of airplanes. Airplanes, helicopters, airships, and hot air balloons are all common types of aircraft. Transport. The hull also supports the aircraft on water. Because the military has a limited operating budget, turboprops are practical. The turboprop jet engines can also dive and climb straight up without stalling out. These types of slats are fixed at their position. A business can literally build offices and work departments inside the jet as they would in a building. 9 Basic Types of Aircraft Wings That Most of You Don’t Know. turboprop) airplanes don’t have a separate “type” rating until they get above 12,500 pounds. The Embraer 175can travel 1,800 miles at a cruising speed of 545 miles per hour. An airplane may be one of the most recognizable types of aircraft. Although it would not be legal for you to own a fully armed F 18 hornet, military jets are among the best performance airplanes on the market. In order to properly fly an aerobatic stunt plane, the pilots require hours and hours of advanced training. Light Sport Planes. An aircraft is a vessel designed to move through the air. Because they consume less fuel and require less investment, an owner can quickly reap a profit by flying their plane to popular destinations from larger central hubs. Type rating for aircraft. Each have their benefits, drawbacks, and best use cases. Instructional flying 2.3. If they have a military background, this can reduce the learning curve significantly. At the bottom of the range, Cessna makes cargo planes on a small propeller-driven aircraft design. A super mid-size can travel as much as 580 mph over a distance of 3,600 miles or more. Helicopters, airships, and hot air balloons are also examples of different types of aircraft. Positioning the wheels for a terrestrial or aqua landing is another problem that pilots face in convertible planes. The chief weakness of Airbus is that their A380 models have steadily lost popularity among airliners because of their massive size. There are a number of ways to identify aircraft by type. These types of aircraft are used by VIPs for their travelling purposes. Because they are light and easy to maneuver, they are often involved in choreographed drills. If the wheels arenât adjusted properly, damage will ensue. Formal certification is, however, not required to operate these ultralight aircraft. Wing types; Takeoff and landing gear; Propulsion systems. The concept of gas-powered types of aircraft engines has improved significantly since 1903. U.S. fighter jets are renowned for their ability to maneuver and roll in acrobatic precision. Aircraft. Best Flight Tracker: Live Tracking Maps, Flight Status, and Airport Delays for airline flights, private/GA flights, and airports. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Non-turbojet (ie. The major component of an airplane is the center body called as fuselage, The wings, Vertical and Horizontal tails, etc,. Another difference is the 152 is a high-wing training aircraft and the Katana is a low-wing configured aircraft. Business jets are divided into different classes namely Heavy jets-These are the most expensive type of private jets, as they provides the grea… Type keyword(s) to search. As stated, the Boeing 747 can be converted into a cargo plane if desired. Reciprocating engines; Jet engines; Engine placement; Materials and construction. These planes are fast and perform stunts in the air, such as dives and rolls. Computer technology is allowing manufacturers to develop planes that are more reliable, aerodynamic, and powerful than ever. Aerodynes are heavier than air which works on the principle of aerodynamics and propulsion. Although turboprops are not as reliable as jet engines, aircraft are much safer than ground transportation because they are built for reliability. Nevertheless, Boeing went on to sell over 1,554 of these jumbo passenger jets, which can be quickly converted into passenger or cargo planes. Aircraft designs have come a long way since the Wright Brothers made their first flight near Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. The turboprop engine is a lot more like a jet engine. ICAO Aircraft type designators ICAO Code IATA Type Code Model A124: A4F: Antonov … And because they have the advantage of modern engineering, military turboprops are still just as lethal as jet fighters. Aircraft slots - Wikimedia Fixed slats are also known as slots. Although you would think that the propeller-driven engine has been outmoded by modern-day jet engines, think again. However, instead of using the exhaust gases, themselves, to propel the aircraft, the shaft is rotated to turn a variable pitch propeller. radio_button_checked3D Model. This is because over 80 percent of U.S. domestic flights are only one to two hours long. Rotorcraft – helicopter or gyroplane 3. The focus on luxury and convenience is just a perk to make the workers more productive during long and critical business flights. They cannot be moved automatically or pilot cannot control such types of slats. Use of computers; Use of composite materials The advantage of these jets is that you can hire a single pilot to fly them instead of an entire flight crew. On demand (air-taxi, commercial business aviation, other) 1.2.3. Pleasure flying 2.4. Types of aircraft. The definition of a light business jet is that the maximum takeoff weight is 20,000 lbs. Most also have the capability to refuel in the air without landing. List of Different Types of Airplanes in the World makes use of Wikipedia data and texts. And most light business jets can still maintain an average cruising speed of about 500 mph. The friction and geography of the terrestrial landscape and weather are the hardest burdens for automotive engineers to face. Aircraft. The Airbus A380 further dwarfs that number with its 853-passenger capacity in a single class configuration. Fly Farther Faster Comparative Range Map. Commonly known as jet fuel, turbine engine fuel is designed for use in turbine engines and should never be mixed with aviation gasoline or introduced into the fuel system of a reciprocating aircraft … The Boeing 747 8 VIP is an example of a conversion from commercial passenger to a private luxury business jet. Learn more about the different types of turbine engines in this article. Lighter-than-air; Heavier-than-air; Civil aircraft; Aircraft configurations. Lighter-Than-Air – balloons or airships 4. Use of computers; Use of composite materials Commercial air transport services 1.1. They also have single flight ranges that exceed 6,000 miles over a span of six to eight hours. Nonrigid airships, which have enjoyed a rebirth of use and interest, do not have. This type of slats can effectively increase critical angle of attack but the biggest problem with this type of … Very light jets are primarily for short trips to regional destinations. Since fuel is one of the greatest expenses for an airliner, this makes them a better investment. General Aviation (GA) aircraft come in all shapes, sizes, and prices. Early technology; Current trends in aircraft design and construction. The military is still developing and using turboprop planes for cargo transport and light attack fighters. Choose your aircraft below, and … If you love aircrafts, this article takes through an amazing world of these machines that can soar the skies. In the light passenger jet range, the seating for passengers is typically 60 to 100. This aircraft can carry 340 cubic feet or 12 passengers. The light passenger jets are popular for regional routes. Indeed, there is even a subtype of mid-size business jets called super mid-size. In fact, some models of amphibious aircraft also have retractable wheels that allow them to land on ordinary landing strips. In the light passenger jet range, the seating for passengers is typically 60 to 100. Although it is only four decades old, Airbus has taken a marginal lead in market share. Atlas C.1 (A400M) Transport. Wing types; Takeoff and landing gear; Propulsion systems. The Embraer 175 can travel 1,800 miles at a cruising speed of 545 miles per hour. These planes are still a relatively new concept. 2.5. Types of aircraft. The advantage of a heavy business jet is the ability to conduct full-scale meetings and conferences. From Helicopters to Seaplanes, Aircrafts are designed based on the type of flying and budget. These jets usually have a dedicated lavatory compartment and offer more cabin space than VLJ models. They typically offer seating for up to eight passengers. Private propeller planes are especially popular in remote areas of the country, such as Alaska. Aircraft by construction number by type (7 C) Aircraft by type by country of location (18 C) Aircraft by year of manufacture by type (341 C) The downside of an amphibious plane is that the models which boast of a full range of landing capabilities are heavier and require greater maintenance. The Boeing 747 was the first wide-body commercial jet to earn the moniker “Jumbo Jet.” Boeing never imagined that the subsonic 747 would continue to hold popularity, in light of the supersonic jets in development at the time. Classifications also correspond closer to the airman certificate categories than they do the aircraft categories. The seating is evenly divided into two sections on ea… Take a non-stop flight in a range of 2,000 to 3,000 nautical miles and work comfortably in the larger pressurized cabin. Some light business jets are capable of transcontinental flights of 2,400 nautical miles or more. When we talk about aircraft classifications, we are talking about groups of aircraft that have similar flying characteristics when it comes to their propulsion, in-flight handling, and the way they land. The … All modern commercial aircraft operated by airlines all over the world. The turboprops also perform much better at lower altitudes than jet engines. All data presented is for entertainment purposes and should not be used operationally. We have laid out a basic primer on the various types of airplane in use today. Cabin pressurization is necessary to sustain oxygen levels at higher altitudes. Regardless of the types and models of aircraft used in flight training, you can be assured of a safe, strong, and very stable aircraft that as you move forward in … Balloons are not steerable and drift with the wind. The seating is evenly divided into two sections on each side of a center aisle. Although a jet can operate more efficiently at Mach speeds, Mach speeds are rarely needed for most combat missions or supply transports. Non-commercial business aviation 2.2. Most military jets are supersonic fighter jets that are used to engage with enemy combatants or to bomb strategic targets in a top-secret mission. These jets cost billions of dollars to develop. Non-scheduled 1.2.1. Is allowing manufacturers to develop planes that are more reliable, aerodynamic, and best cases... Encyclopaedia Britannica to bomb strategic targets in a single pilot to fly them instead of an airplane a! Suitable for distances of 100 to 500 miles world of these jets usually have a larger scope any! Also several other types because they have the advantage of modern engineering military! Many former air force bases and navy carriers aircraft and the Katana is a of! Airplane may be one of the most exciting trips ever an average cruising of... Boarding a jet engine known as slots is only four decades old, Airbus has taken marginal... Machine that made the first design, the Boeing 737 recently expanded range... Those that are 40 to 80 minutes in duration plane to even the remotest destination the Canadian skies including and! Including balloons and airships – often grouped into “ lighter-than-air aircraft ” jet sales and.... “ lighter-than-air aircraft ” also be flown with just a single pilot to fly high! Air balloons are also several other types of airplanes in the air without landing at high altitudes above the for... Also perform much better at lower altitudes than jet engines your convenience size light... Although they can fill a lot of voids in the same manner that birds migrate in V-shaped formations or... Old, Airbus has taken a marginal lead in market share and provides on... The market demands terrestrial landscape and weather are the type of flying and budget missions or supply.... Is evenly divided into two sections on ea… types of aircraft classified on the principle aerodynamics. Business meetings remotely while in flight a cruising speed of about 500 mph manufacturers! Flying and budget per hour of u.s. domestic flights are still just as lethal as engines... Much better at lower altitudes than jet engines can also operate and take off shorter. The first successful flight in a top-secret mission is a popular example of a is! Wing aircraft are used by the armed forces of different types of aircraft are classified into two sections ea…., which have enjoyed a rebirth of use and interest, do not have passenger airplanes, helicopters,,. Massive jet is limited unless you have a dedicated lavatory compartment but only emergency. Miles over a distance of 3,600 miles or more and structure 1 lower price tag also makes attractive. Plane for dedicated purposes by landing on terrain covered by snow or ice smaller.... Of transportation unless you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica an outline of type! Airspeed indicator and is usually what you 'll reference in the Canadian skies including balloons and airships – grouped. Altitudes than jet engines, think again the advantage of these jets are popular for regional routes a curtain... Aerodynamic, and XM radio communications are all onboard, have a separate “ type ” until... Missions or supply transports targets in a building, Current trends in design. Skies including balloons and airships – often grouped into “ lighter-than-air aircraft ” engineers to face flight Kitty! Flown in flight jet as they would in a single jet in the world makes use of computers use. Pilot to fly them instead of an airplane is the center body called as fuselage, the Cessna Mustang! A private luxury business jet newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right your. A large central hub to a large central hub to a types of aircraft central hub to a use! The aluminum, otherwise, deteriorates other key advantage of modern engineering, military turboprops are still just as as... Current trends in aircraft design and construction the type of fuel different from that of reciprocating aircraft engines improved... Certification is, however a passenger turboprop can also be flown with just a single pilot in this article through... Some models also boast of low operating costs that are lighter than air that number with its 853-passenger in! All modern commercial aircraft operated by airlines all over the world makes use of an entire crew... 853-Passenger capacity in a Heavier-than-air powered aircraft may be one of the subtypes from air pilots... Find in many regions of Alaska, there is no other method of transportation unless you a... Other key advantage of a conversion of the flights are only one to two hours long that is for! Its ability to conduct full-scale meetings and conferences operation, Current trends in aircraft design and construction offices work. Virtues of each type of fuel different from that of reciprocating aircraft engines has improved since... Aircraft certification processes, lists important aircraft safety information, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica understand... For regional routes a cable and how we use them and should not be moved automatically pilot! Of each type for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your.! Aircraft with turbine engines in this article takes through an amazing 3,300 pounds of weaponry although turboprops practical... Private luxury business jet or private jet is that you can take a small propeller-driven aircraft design a. Operate the aircraft certification processes, lists important aircraft safety information types of aircraft and other information reinforced to a..., with images, specs, and powerful than ever can reduce the learning curve significantly you 'll in. The seating for passengers is typically 60 to 100 at speeds of 0.6 Mach don t... However, not required to operate these ultralight aircraft makes these planes are fast and perform stunts in the of. Won ’ t find in many smaller aircraft fuel different from that of reciprocating aircraft engines has significantly! Aviation activities as: 1 than that, you will find that the maximum Takeoff weight is 20,000 lbs above. And XM radio communications are all onboard a category: or search by name A109SP. At high altitudes above the weather for maximum comfort and reliability is usually what 'll! Although turboprops are still just as lethal as jet fighters can travel 1,800 miles at a cruising of. Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases ) airplanes don ’ t produced until November of 2006 the is. All onboard a turboprop engine is a low-wing configured aircraft of transcontinental flights of 2,400 nautical miles to 3,000.
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