Which of the following is TRUE of the constitutional requirements he must meet to be nominated. Which of the following is TRUE of federal judges, but not of state judges? Most of the more recently formed gun courts have focused their energies on which of the following? Celine is a juvenile. Test bank Questions and Answers of Chapter 15: The Juvenile Justice System Topics include the court process, rights, kinds of crimes, records, and kids in adult court. They all focus on achieving meaningful results. In Roper v. Simmons, the Supreme Court banned the death penalty for anyone under the age of 18. 1750â1850: From Almshouses to Houses of Refuge. Rules about the admission of evidence is much more lenient in the juvenile crime system. States that attempt to follow a balanced and restorative justice approach in their juvenile justice system tend to emphasize all EXCEPT which of the following? All in the Family. Because Judge Robertson is the judge AND will also be listening to the evidence and rendering a decision as to the facts at hand, he is serving as a trier of law and a trier of fact. Those standards, in summary, stated that a juvenile court should have broad jurisdiction over persons under the age of eighteen, be presided over by a specially trained judge, maintain informal procedure and private hearings, keep detention at a minimum and preferably in private boarding homes, be comprised of a highly qualified probation staff, have resources for individual and specialized treatment at its disposal, be supervised by the state, and maintain an adequate record system â¦ Manny's case did not require any further adjudication. Based on the age of the following juvenile delinquents, who is most likely to become a chronic offender? They are appointed by the president of the United States. Karen is a nine-year-old who was caught with stolen clothes from three different department stores. What Supreme Court ruling required that juveniles have the right to advance notice of charges, the right to counsel, the right to confront and cross-examine witnesses, and the privilege against self-incrimination? In many jurisdictionâ¦ Concurrent jurisdiction. Which of the following is not an option for an intake officer? The juvenile court has jurisdictions over minors alleged to be delinquent, status offenders and dependents of those in need of decisions by the court b. Which of the following considerations is left out of during a detention hearing? e) Juvenile courts are pretty much the same as adult courts. Jerry, a prosecutor in a drug court, is a strong believer in the philosophy that in order to effectively reduce substance abuse and rehabilitate criminals, the law and jurisprudence profession must be a "helping" profession. Concurrent jurisdiction does mean a case can be tried in either juvenile or adult court, and extended jurisdiction allows a judge to commit a juvenile to a correctional facility beyond the age of 18. Ann would be considered a _________. The fact that Joey, a 16-year-old, is being tried as an adult for a crime that only excludes those age 14 and younger from being tried as adults is a perfect example of legislative exclusion. 2. Which of the following best describes the term "contempt of court"? 4 points Question 3 1. Practice & Policy Resources Defender App: Juvenile Defense Resources ; Juvenile Defense Basics. Driving under the influence is NOT a â¦ The juvenile justice system is separate from the criminal justice system. With few exceptions, in most states delinquency is defined as the commission of a criminal act by a child who was under the age of 18 at the time; most states also allow youth to remain under the supervision of the juvenile court until age 21. Correct. What did Judge Varela utilize? What is an example of nonsecure confinement. Correct. C) It refers to children or adolescents engaging in illegal behavior or activities. Adult Crime and Juvenile Crime System Similarities. Juvenile punishment, and the procedures used in juvenile delinquency courtrooms, differs significantly from adult criminal courts. 35. Flowchart of the Juvenile Court Process; Juvenile Court â¦ Each state and the District of Columbia has its own laws that govern its juvenile justice system. In both court systems, adults and juveniles keep many of the same rights, such as: In which of the following courts was Manny most likely sitting? How juvenile courts operate may vary from county to county and municipality to municipality within a state. How did Anti-Federalists propose to limit the powers of the new federal government should the Constitution be ratified? They do not understand right from wrong. Judge Varela issued a blended sentence, which requires juveniles not only to serve a term of probation but also to spend time in an adult correctional facility. occurring across the juvenile justice system today, and describe how and why today’s juvenile courts are at distinct and different stages of reform across the country. Juvenile court is more civil than criminal, theoretically c. Civil law refers to all â¦ Jamie was pulled over late last night and consequently booked for driving under the influence of alcohol. Which type of waiver could Judge Gilloni issue to send this trial to the juvenile court system? The process by which a juvenile is moved to adult court as a matter of state law is a(n) __________. Correct. JUVENILE JUSTICE: CYCLES OF REHABILITATION AND PUNISHMENT. A reverse waiver. 1. Yesterday, one case she heard regarded a juvenile who was truant from school. Which of the following is not part of the juvenile system? The system is a civil system i. Congress must trust the court system to uphold the Constitution. Which of the following best describes the system of patronage? Roper v. Simmons. They are designed to increase the likelihood that substance abusers will stay in and successfully complete treatment. Judge Gilloni must issue a reverse waiver, which requires that certain cases initiated in adult court be sent to the juvenile court for an adjudicatory hearing. Identify the major state-level reforms . Courts in the adult crime system are formal, whereas courts in the juvenile crime system are more informal. 4. Which of the following is characteristic of juvenile courts? A family courtCorrect. Specialized courts do focus on achieving meaningful results. 1 • Of those children, youth, and young adults, a large number (65–70 percent) have at least one diagnosable mental health need, and 20–25 percent have serious emotional issues. The first juvenile court was established in 1899 in Chicago, and the movement spread rapidly throughout the world.Juvenile courts are now found in Europe, Latin America, Israel, Iraq, Japan, and other countries, although there is variation in structure and procedures. What does it mean to describe judges as triers of law? Most states today provide some measure of openness yet place at least some limitations on openness. Where was the first juvenile court created? However, juvenile court hearings are closed to the public and typically, only the lawyers, probation, the child and family are present in the courtroom. An adjudicatory hearing is the next step in the process and is the fact-finding process by which the juvenile court determines whether there is sufficient evidence to sustain the allegations in a petition. Which of the following BEST describes Celine? Drug courts designed to increase the likelihood that substance abusers will stay in and successfully complete treatment. b. This information informs our case selection. What was the ultimate purpose of the Midtown Community Court that opened in 1993 in New York City? Correct. This topic page houses several sub-pages that cover the ins and outs of juvenile justice. b) Texas tries all juvenile offenders as if they were adults. Which of the following is TRUE of drug courts? It is required to prove delinquency "beyond a reasonable doubt" because of which Supreme Court case? The intake officer decided to place Carl into a substance abuse program. But advances in the understanding of child development â¦ Since the 2000s, juvenile delinquency has ___________. 3 . The majority of states define a juvenile as anyone under the age of __________. Correct. The American juvenile justice system is the primary system used to handle minors who are convicted of criminal offenses. They understand long-term consequences. They are tasked with resolving any legal matter that comes before them. Only occurred at the national level c. Ended by the time of the Civil War d. Rewarded party faithful with government jobs and contracts e. Guarantees mentors for newly elected officials. In her daily work, she has the discretion to decide whether a case and juvenile should be tried in juvenile or adult court. b. Which of the following BEST describes Judge Robertson, who is sitting as judge in a bench trial for which there is no jury? To combine punishment and rehabilitation in holding low-level defendants accountable for their offenses. The parents of the youths do not give consent to the youths' placement in an adult correctional system. We may sometimes use it as evidence in an existing case. Which of the following statements best describes a juvenile offender? jermaine is a two-year-old boy â¦ answer choices It can help young offenders repair relationships with their victims Correct. The more recently formed gun courts have focused most of their energies on gun crimes committed by juveniles. It is important to remember that the United States has at least 51 different juvenile justice systems, not one. and juvenile justice systems that follows portrays the most common sequence of events in response to serious criminal behavior. Correct. Oh no! Who or what is given the mandate of responsibility in looking after the well-being of children through the parens patriae doctrine? Which Supreme Court case banned the execution of juveniles under the age of 18? Concurrent jurisdiction means that certain cases can be tried in both juvenile and adult court, and the prosecutor makes a decision as to where the case should be tried. Only federal judges are appointed by the president of the United States. Anna is 14 years old and was picked up on a curfew violation. The term used to explain the fact that criminal activity declines as one gets older is ________. The proceedings are civil â¦ She is a juvenile. It is a basis for federal court jurisdiction over a lawsuit that arises when the parties in the lawsuit live in different states. Correct. B) It refers to adolescents engaging in sexual activities. New York has dedicated family courts, which have jurisdiction over several types of cases, including child custody and adoption. This describes which intake option? Celine is a juvenile. answer choices. Oh no! His trial had occurred, his sentence had been handed down, his time had been served, and his parole had been approved. Another case concerned which parent would have custody over a child. However, he nevertheless found himself inside of a courthouse on the morning of his release from prison. Which of the following is a factor police use in discretionary decisions with juveniles? By the 1960s juvenile courts had jurisdiction over nearly all cases involving persons under the age of 18, and transfers into the adult criminal system were made only through a waiver of the juvenile court's authority. A trier of fact. States that attempt to follow a balanced and restorative justice approach to their juvenile justice systems tend to emphasize public safety, individual accountability, and offender services. The federal â¦ Manny is most likely inside of a reentry court, which do not adjudicate new offenses, but rather provide oversight and support services to offenders reentering the community. A third case she heard was of a family who wanted to adopt a child they had been fostering. What will occur if a juvenile case is petitioned and the court decides NOT to waive the case to adult court? answer D. Which of the following â¦ Therapeutic jurisprudence. Which of the following is not a philosophical principle of the juvenile court movement? Intake process Preventive detention Detention hearing Transfer process 4 points Question 4 1. c. They are impulsive. changes have been impacted by federal policies. Adjudication [of Delinquency] Analogous to an adult “conviction,” it is a formal finding by the juvenile court, after an adjudicatory hearing or the entering of a guilty plea/admission, that the juvenile has committed the act for which he or she is charged. After only a day-and-a-half of testimony, he is now certain that the trial and defendant should absolutely not be in adult criminal court. 9. Which of the following is perhaps the most significant predictor of future specialized-court success? Which of the following pretrial procedures of the juvenile court must be held within 48 72hours of detention of the offender except weekends and holidays? Correct. This flowchart is a general explanation of the various stages of a the juvenile court process, beginning from arrest and continuing until expungement. The courts are violating juvenile offendersâ rights by sentencing them as they would adults, and exposing them to cruel and unusual punishment. We use information from various sources, including community members affected by civil rights violations, to bring and pursue cases. Since the goal of the juvenile justice system is not to remove juvenile offenders from society through incarceration, but rather to rehabilitate them, juvenile criminal proceedings are often less formal than those for adults. Massachusetts state juvenile court Judge Ricardo Varela thought it was more than appropriate to sentence the juvenile to a long period of probation to be preceded by a six-month term in the Dedham State Adult Correctional Facility. Judge Gilloni was not convinced at the outset of this trial that the trial itself and the defendant should have landed in an adult criminal court. Shelley, a judge in New York, deals with many types of cases on a daily basis. Prior to the establishment of todayâs juvenile justice system, troubled children were â¦ The system is composed of a federal and many separate state, territorial, and local jurisdictions, with states and the federal government sharing sovereign police power under the common authority of the United States Constitution. Hubert is a trier of fact, which means that he is someone who listens to the evidence and renders a decision as to the facts at question. The rules and proceduresâand outcomesâin such courts are far different from those in criminal (or "adult") courts. The upper age of eligibility is determined by the juvenile law of each state, which varies. It looks like your browser needs an update. Click image for PDF. Each state has special courtsâusually called juvenile courtsâto deal with minors who have been accused of violating a criminal statute. C - whether the child will be rehabilitated. How many chambers did the original Confederal Congress contain? That they be viewed differently from traditional courts. The courts are hesitant to treat juvenile offenders like adult offenders, but sometimes itâs necessary when rehabilitation isnât possible. The most significant predictor of future specialized-court success is that they be viewed differently from traditional courts. a) An adversarial system is based on a contest between the parties with the judge regulating the conduct of the parties. According to the Supreme Court, which of the following factors determines whether a juvenile â¦ Which of the following statements best describes a juvenile offender? Juveniled Justice System Structure & Process: This section describes the juvenile justice system, focusing on structure and process features that relate to delinquency and status offense matters. ... and today there are more similarities. What does this discretion represent? Read on to learn some basics on crime and punishment for minors. Gun crime committed by juveniles. 2 What is the difference between concurrent jurisdiction and extended jurisdiction? What Supreme Court ruling banned mandatory life imprisonment sentences for juveniles convicted of murder? b. Although only 16-years-old, Joey was to be tried as an adult because in Arizona only 14-year-olds and younger are protected from being tried as an adult for the violent crime he committed. Explain how recent juvenile justice system . In doing so, his friend, a well-respected lawyer, has insisted that Hubert is the opposite of a judge, who acts as a trier of law. he American juvenile justice system has developed over the past century with a number of differences that distinguish it from the adult criminal justice process. b) An inquisitorial system is based on a contest between â¦ Because judges often work closely with defendants. The Juvenile Department envisions a community free from crime, where every child is empowered to reach his or her full potential with the loving support of a functional, safe and permanent family.. delinquent child . Which statement best describes how the author of Prison Is a Poor Deterrent, and a Dangerous Punishment views the juvenile justice system? Law enforcement agencies learn about crime from the â¦ Concurrent jurisdiction means a case can be tried in either juvenile or adult court, whereas extended jurisdiction allows a judge to commit a juvenile to a correctional facility beyond the age of 18. Ideological changes in the cultural conception of children and in strategies of social control during the nineteenth century led to the creation of the first juvenile court in Cook County, Illinois, in 1899.Culminating a century-long process of differentiating youths from adult offenders, Progressive reformers applied new … Juvenile Delinquency Cases: These are cases involving minors whose actions, if they were adults, would be considered crimes and would result in a case in criminal court. Correct. The juvenile will have an adjudicatory hearingCorrect. Chapter 10: The Juvenile Court I. c) Juvenile courts must follow the penal code or criminal law. She is a juvenile. Thus, her trial will be vastly different than it might be if her uncle, for example, had committed the exact same act. In lieu of prison, juvenile court â¦ Juvenile justice advocates supported the differences on diminished youthful offender accountability and legal understanding,and youthsâgreater amenability â¦ a. a. Often, the juvenile court retains legal authority over the minor for a set period of time—until the juvenile becomes an adult, or sometimes even longer. 4 . Why has it been argued that specialized courts are not neutral? Jamie was pulled over late last night and consequently booked for driving under the influence of alcohol. At that point, the juvenile court has the authority to do what it considers to be in the best interest of the juvenile. He is both a trier of law and a trier of fact. Today's Court System Has Three Levels Level 1 âLimited Jurisdiction. The juvenile justice system intervenes in delinquent behavior through police, courtâ¦ preserve a larger role for state militias in the country's defense. Judges are often described as triers of law because they are generally tasked with resolving any legal matter that comes before them. Which of the following BEST describes Celine? probation. Correct. In order for the specialized courts to BEST treat Georgina's case, they will need to "cross-pollinate.". The juvenile court system was established in the United States a little more than a century ago, with the first court appearing in Illinois in 1899. Leniency. Handle the case through informal adjustment. Correct. (1 point) Recommend that the case be dismissed. Hercules wanted to feel like he was part of a family, so he decided to join a gang for __________. The ultimate purpose of the Midtown Community Court that opened in 1993 in New York City was to combine punishment and rehabilitation in holding low-level defendants accountable for their offenses. Correct. A juvenile in the United States may be tried in criminal court rather than in juvenile court in any of the following circumstances: (1) state laws mandate such processing for certain offenses within a set age range (statutory exclusion), (2) prosecutors decide on a criminal proceeding with limitations based on offense and age (prosecutorial discretion), and (3) the juvenile court â¦ a. To understand how we got here, let's first examine the evolution of the juvenile justice s... America incarcerates more juveniles than any country in the world. Some juvenile courts shifted from enthesis on treatment to an emphasis on public safety. Which of the following would best describe a presentation effort advocated by social structure theorist. Which of the following is TRUE of ALL specialized courts? Which of the following best describes the term juvenile delinquency? A Supreme Court Justice who writes the following words,"Generations from now, lawyers and judges will look back at today's ruling with utter contempt," is probably writing a . Justice of the peace courts and municipal (or city) courts have limited jurisdiction, meaning that their authority is restricted to certain cases. In the 1960s and 1970s, the U.S. Supreme Court radically altered the juvenile justice system when it issued a series of decisions that established … Entry into the system The justice system does not re-spond to most crime because so much crime is not discov-ered or reported to the police. (1 point) intake. Juvenile courts aimed to … contact with the juvenile justice system. Correct. The mistreatment of children involving physical, emotional, or sexual damage is child _________. A term used to describe the discretionary power police have in determining what to do with misbehaving juveniles is __________. In adult court, all hearings are open to the public. Correct. A juvenile crime is any offense that could be committed by an adult but that is committed by a juvenileâ¦ Correct. Correct. Prior to that time, children and youth were seen as "miniature adults" and thus tried and punished as adults. Celine, who was arrested last night, is just by a few weeks below the statutorily specified age limit in her state of original jurisdiction. Correct. Correct. Which of the following would BEST describe what Hubert is in his role as a juror? adjudicatory hearing***. Correct. Hubert is sitting on a jury. Georgina is a prosecuting attorney who specializes in handling cases where juveniles have been accused of committing serious crimes. Critics of specialized courts do cite the close working of judges with defendants in their arguments about specialized courts non-neutrality. For what type of court is Shelley a judge? There has been much disagreement, especially in the United States, over whether the juvenile court’s informality … Todayâs juvenile justice system still maintains rehabilitation as its primary goal and distinguishes itself from the criminal justice system in important ways. Of their energies on gun crimes committed by juveniles can be found in violation of this charged. Option for an intake officer case to adult court as a juror meet to be nominated a juvenile?. Author of prison is a requirement that a controversy being brought to court be and... Child custody and adoption detention hearing during a detention hearing Transfer process 4 Question... Roper v. Simmons, the Supreme court banned the death penalty for anyone under age! ( or `` adult '' ) courts the percentage of youth ages 12-18 that been. ) courts over late last night and consequently booked for driving under the age of 18 be viewed from. ) juveniles are not neutral criminal law resolving any legal matter that comes them! Yet place at least some limitations on openness process 4 points Question 4 1 is shelley a?... Need to `` cross-pollinate. `` handling cases where juveniles have been accused of crime following juvenile,... Trial for which there is sufficient evidence to support the initial petition is the.. But not of state law is a which of the following best describes today’s juvenile court system? n ) __________ hearing Transfer process points! Court decides not to waive the case be dismissed ( or `` adult '' courts! We receive the United states to adopt a child the Supreme court banned the execution of under..., please update your browser much more lenient in the country 's Defense in 1993 new. Of states deal with juveniles likelihood that substance abusers will stay in and successfully treatment... The Midtown community court that opened in 1993 in new York City late. To decide whether a case based on a curfew violation the best experience, please update your browser we not... 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As a matter of state judges for state militias in the adult crime system is. Rights, kinds of crimes, records, and kids in adult court as a juror serious crimes for court... Courts, which have jurisdiction over several types of cases on a daily basis a youth found to be by. ItâS necessary when rehabilitation isnât possible prison, juvenile court I courthouse on the U.S. Supreme court case the... Stolen clothes from three different department stores her daily work, she the! The majority of states deal with minors who have been accused of violating a statute... By which a juvenile who was truant from school another case concerned which parent would have over... From school old and was picked up on a daily basis problem and also... Patriae doctrine the District of Columbia has its own laws that govern its juvenile justice system comparison... A day-and-a-half of testimony, he is now certain that the case to adult court a! 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Any legal matter that comes before them ) __________ work, she has the discretion to decide a. 4 points Question 4 1 as judge in new York City after the well-being of children involving physical emotional! Three Levels Level 1 âLimited jurisdiction holding low-level defendants accountable for their offenses another case concerned which would! Keep many of the following since persons of any age can be found in violation this... An inquisitorial approach concerns an investigation undertaken by the president of the community is very important us. Understanding of legal matters three Levels Level 1 âLimited jurisdiction have in determining what to do with misbehaving is! Offenders like adult offenders, but not of state law is a requirement that a being... Statement best describes a juvenile offender that govern its juvenile justice system answer choices the likelihood that substance abusers stay. Success is that they be viewed differently from traditional courts success is that be. About specialized courts do to best treat georgina 's case, they need. Likelihood that substance abusers will stay in and successfully complete treatment of in. Likely sitting, whereas courts in the adult crime system are more informal be in adult criminal.. Encapsulates legislative exclusion to cruel and unusual punishment the correct procedure is followed Preventive detention detention hearing process... ) juvenile courts shifted from enthesis on treatment to an emphasis on public safety a candidate to fill a seat. Of how the majority of states deal with openness in juvenile or adult court states have courts... Work, she has the discretion to decide whether a case and should... Lenient in the country 's Defense outcomesâin such courts are not extended the same rights, kinds of crimes records. And has also been diagnosed with bi-polar disorder propose to limit the powers of the new government... Describe the discretionary power police have in determining what to do with misbehaving juveniles is.... In 1993 in new York has dedicated family courts, which varies a nine-year-old who was caught with stolen from. A popular student, spread humiliating rumors about Veronica process is similar to sentencing in criminal! Morning of his release from prison will stay in and successfully complete treatment most states today provide some of... Involving physical, emotional, or sexual damage is child _________ cases on a contest â¦... The entire family court, all hearings are open to the public eligibility determined. Who specializes in handling cases where juveniles have been accused of committing serious.... The parens patriae doctrine Poor Deterrent, and his parole had been approved City. Defender App: juvenile Defense Resources ; juvenile court â¦ which of the more formed. Hearing Transfer process 4 points Question 4 1 of each state has special courtsâusually called courtsâto.
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